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Temporomandibular joint disorder

Temporomandibular joint disorder is mainly associated with over-activity of jaws and other such related habits. Grinding and clenching of teeth repeatedly are the triggers leading to TMJ dysfunction. Certain anatomical factors like faulty jaw alignment; and impact injuries to the jawline may result into this disorder. Spasm in the neck region, chronic stress and trauma are also amongst the many causes of this joint disorder. Let us find more about the symptoms that are exhibited by those suffering from TMJ dysfunction.

Massage therapy could help to reduce pain with muscle of mastication and would improve mobility of the temporomandibular joint.

Make time for a massage treatment

Who doesn’t feel better after a massage? Having your muscles kneaded, pressed and stretched is a relaxing way to ease tension and improve blood flow, whether you’re going for a gentle Swedish-style rubdown or a deep-tissue technique . But for people suffering from back pain, massage isn’t just an indulgence—it’s a proven way to relieve the discomfort and speed healing. Be aware that the wrong type of pressure can aggravate chronic back pain, so look for a trained and state-certified masseuse who specializes in back problems.


 

Differences Between Acute Pain and Chronic Pain

 

Parameters Acute Pain Chronic Pain
Nature of Pain Acute pain can last anywhere between a few moments to a few months. This type of pain can last for a maximum of 5-6 months. If it persists for more than 6 months, then it has turned into chronic pain. Chronic pain is a kind of pain that lasts for more than 6-8 months after an injury or accident or after starting suddenly/inexplicably without a specific cause. Environmental and psychological factors also affect chronic pain.
Causes and Symptoms The causesof acute pain can be as follows:

  • Injury/Trauma
  • Cuts and Burns
  • Toothaches/Stomachaches/Headaches
  • Accidents
  • Broken bones/ligaments/tendons
  • Sudden movements
  • Jerky actions while lifting heavy objects
  • Surgery
  • Temporary illness
  • Conditions like labor during childbirth, appendicitis, tissue damage, etc.

The symptomsof acute pain are as follows:

  • Shooting pain
  • Burning sensation with pain
  • Sharp pain, like poking of pins
  • Niggling ache in a body part
  • Cramps in muscles
  • Sensation of painful pressure on a body part
The causesof chronic pain include some of the causes of acute pain, and some other causes as well. Chronic pain can also have unknown causes, which are difficult to determine, congenital causes or sometimes no real cause. Most of the causes of chronic pain are listed below:

  • Injury/Trauma
  • Accidents
  • Broken bones/ligaments/tendons
  • Surgery
  • Nerve damage
  • Spinal injuries/conditions
  • Pain due to cancer, arthritis, AIDS, multiple sclerosis, etc.
  • Long drawn out illnesses and serious diseases
  • Poor posture, wearing high heels all the time, improper sleeping positions, etc.
  • Curvature of the spine, aging of the spine, being overweight, etc.
  • Psychological problems like depression
  • Fibromyalgia

A few general symptomsof chronic pain are as follows:

  • Effect on sleeping pattern because of the pain, leading to insomnia
  • Negative effect on social life, making one unable to enjoy everyday activities or go out frequently
  • Frequent blackouts due to pain, blurred vision, nausea, headaches, irregular bowel movements, etc.
  • Decreased concentration and coordination, increased irritability and ‘low’ phases in mood
  • Pain that persists in spite of medication
  • Pain getting aggravated when one’s stress and anxiety levels rise
Effects of Pain Acute pain almost never has any long-term psychological effects, other than wariness of the object or thing that has caused the pain for the first time. But it does have a few short-term physical effectsas follows:

  • Sharp pain in the organ/body part that is hurt
  • Temporary inability to effectively use the body part, thus restricting movements/mobility
  • Mild or extreme physical and/or mental discomfort/distress while the pain lasts
  • Swelling, bruising, inflammation, etc., of the part that is hurt
The physical effectsof chronic pain are as follows:

  • Sleeplessness and fatigue
  • Weakened immune system
  • Loss of concentration and coordination
  • Disability

The psychological effectsof chronic pain are:

  • Increasing irritability, hopelessness, and stress
  • Mood swings and extreme frustration due to prolonged and mostly ineffective treatments
  • Withdrawal from physical activities and social events
  • Depression, fear, and anxiety
Treatment and Cure The treatments for acute pain include the following:

  • Analgesics
  • Hot/Cold Treatment
  • R.I.C.E., i.e., Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation
  • Opioids
  • Acupuncture, CBT, i.e., Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • NSAIDs, i.e., Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Traction (in case of back injuries in accidents or post surgery)
  • Exercising, breathing and relaxation techniques, massages, etc.

What are some option for chronic pain:

  • Acupuncture
  • Nerve blocks
  • Surgery/Laser Treatment/Laser Surgery
  • CBT, i.e., Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Electrical stimulation, which may include intracerebral stimulation, spinal cord stimulation, nerve stimulation, etc.
  • Alternative treatments like hypnosis, psychotherapy, behavior modification, etc.
  • Magnetic therapy, radiation therapy, etc.Massage therapy,bio feedback, traction and physical therapy

 

What Causes Pain in the Back of Head and Neck?


The head is supported by the vertebrae present in the neck. These vertebrae support the weight of the head as well as provide motion. When the bone alignment changes or the muscles in the neck tighten, it leads to pain at the back of head and neck. So what’s the reason behind this pain? As I have already said, the neck bones and muscles help support the head. When your head is suddenly jerked forward it causes the bones in the neck to pile up on each other. This causes stress on the muscles and nerves of the neck and head. You may feel knots in your neck muscles as well as tension. This triggers headache in the back of the head as well as neck. There are different types of headaches leading to pain in the back of the head and neck.
Tension Headache:

Symptoms of Tension Headache

  • Tension headache causes generalized pain in the back of head and neck.
  • Pain seems like a ‘tight band’ around the back of the neck as well as head.
  • Tightness of the muscles is felt at the back of the neck.
  • The headache lasts for a short time, if treated with analgesics.

Massage therapy can help to reduce the pain.

Neuromuscular technique

Neuromuscular massage is a form of massage therapy technique, which is primarily focused on a specific area called trigger points, rather than massaging a large body portion. In general, fingertips, hands and elbows are used for applying direct pressure to the area of discomfort. Neuromuscular Therapy (NMT) and trigger point myotherapy are used interchangeably.

Low Back Pain excercise

My favorite and easy exercise for low back pain is superman pose, it is effective, and non invasive. start from flat on your stomach and raise your legs and arms up at the same time, hold the pose for 10 seconds and repeat at least 3 times.(please do not hyper extend your neck while your in pose).

 

Myofascial Release Massage

Myofascial release massage is a type of soft tissue massage which comprises a combination of light stretching and massage work. Myofascial release is a gentle massage therapy, that has derived its name from two Latin words myo and fascia, meaning muscle and elastic band, respectively. This type of Massage therapy gained popularity in the late 1990s, for its ability to relieve pain and increase the flexibility of the stretched muscle.

Neuromuscular massage technique.

Neuromuscular massage is a form of bodywork, which is primarily focused on a specific area called trigger points, rather than massaging a large body portion. The terms neuromuscular massage, Neuromuscular Therapy (NMT) and trigger point myotherapy are used interchangeably. A well trained neuromuscular massage therapist works in the localized trigger points to stimulate blood circulation in the ischemic tissues and release pain and spasm.